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  • Loom


Are you wondering what is a loom? If you are interested in tapestry and clothing industry then knowing what a loom is should be imperative, so read onward to find out what it is and how it can help you!

What is a Loom?

Looms are devices that are designed to weave tapestry and cloth. What they do is they are holding the warp threads under a lot of tension all so that they can facilitate the weft thread interweaving. The basic function is similar for all loom types, even if they have various shapes and mechanics.

A loom has multiple components and they are harnesses, heddles, the warp beam, reed, shuttle and the take-up roll. Within the loom you will be able to find multiple functions that pertain to yarn processing. These include picking, shedding, taking up and battening. 

Each loom has two secondary motions. This comes from the fact that each time you start a weaving process the fabric has to be wound on the cloth beam, a process that is called taking up. You have to keep in mind that the warp yarns need to be released or even let off from the warp beams. Some looms are automatic and others aren’t. In order for a loom to be automatic it will require a tertiary motion. The tertiary motion needs to be controlled properly otherwise it can lead to the breaking of the weft thread which will lead to loom malfunctions.

Types of loom

The oldest type of loom is the back strap one. People have used it for centuries and the way it works is actually very simple. It features two bars or sticks within the warps will be stretched.

Warp weighted looms are also popular, and these are characterized by hanging weights that will maintain the warp thread bundles under complete control. They make it easier for the weaver to deal with the constraints that would come from vertical size, so it’s quite popular for weavers that operate in smaller locations.

Drawlooms are manually operated and they are suitable for the weaving process that pertains to figured cloth. This type of looms features a figure harness that keeps all the warp threads under control. One thing to note is that such a loom will require a weaver as well as an assistant. The latter person has to track as well as manage the harness figure.

Another type of loom is the flying shuttle. This is a device that was invented during the industrial revolution and which managed to bring in new mechanics and better control for wavers. It’s one of the main precursors for the modern Looming machines.

Some of the other types of looms that you can find include the pegged loom, free standing loom, pit loom, ribbon weaving, simple frame loom and many others. 

In conclusion, looms are some of the most important tools for weavers and they are designed in order to make the entire weaving process simpler and a lot more seamless. Using a loom does require skill and expertise so many times you will have to be an apprentice before you become a weaver and harness the true power of such a device.

  • Gaurav Agrawal